District Profile

(Headquarters: Fatehpur &.Administrative Division: Allahabad)

  1. Total geographical area : 4,152 km2 (1,603 sq mile)
  2. Total Population as per census (2001) :2,308,384
  3. Literacy(%) : 44.6%
  4. Density of population per sq. km. : 657
  5. Cropped area : 382480
  6. Average size of holding : 1.02 ha
  7. Area under kharif crops : 173342 ha
  8. Area under Rabi crops : 227671 ha
  9. Area under Zaid crops : 4668 ha
  10. Usar affected area : 23871 ha
  11. Reserve forest area : 1652Acres(Manikpur & Bhanpur)
  12. Village Panchayat forests(forest department) : 500 ha
  13. Area under forest :5180 ha
  14. Private Orchards : 25442 ha
  15. Total no. of revenue villages (2001) : 1352
  16. No. of Gram Sabhas(2001) : 786
  17. No. of Nyaya Panchayat (2001) : 136
  18. Major Profession : 85 % families are dependent on agriculture & animal husbandry.
  19. of agriculture workers of total population : 74.5%
  20. % of irrigated area cropped area : 54.38%
  21. Annual average rainfall : 904 mm.
  22. Average maximum temp. : 46.9OC
  23. Total literacy % of district : 39.2%
  24. Maximum production area : Bindki Tehsil.
  25. Soil Type : Loam, Sandy Loam etc.
  26. Major Crops Kharif : Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Kodo, Til, Urd, Moong etc
    Rabi – Wheat, Barley, Mustard & Vegetables – Potato, Onion, Garlic etc
  27. No. of state tubewells :527
  28. No. of Private tubewells and pumping sets : 35750
  29. Fertilizer sale centers :
  30. No. of Mandi Samitis :5
  31. No. of Cold storage :10
  32. No. of Vet.Hospitals :35
  33. No. of A. I.Centres :45
  34. Live Stock Service Centres :43
  35. PNO of ParaVet Centres :30
  36. BAIF, A. I. Centres :15
  37. No. of Total milk cows :448898
  38. No. of cross bred cattle :7059
  39. No. of Buffaloes : 365915
  40. Major Rivers : Ganga & Yamuna
  41. Major Highways : National Highway-2

Agro-climatic zone & major agro-ecological situations of district fatehpur:

Major farming systems / enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK):

S.N. Farming System / Enterprise
1 AES-III is most crop intensive. Rice-wheat, Rice-potato-chillies; Rice-wheat-sugarcane etc. crop Rotations are practiced in this AES. In AES I, the mixed cropping combinations of jowar + arhar + moong, / urd +til is practiced. Fallow-gram /lentil is also grown in AES I. In AES IV, (affected with sodicity) mostly Rice-wheat is grown.
2 Potato & chillies are important vegetable crops grown in AES III & IV in the cropping systems of dhaincha – potato moong -fallow; paddy-potato-moong; chillies-gram / wheat, etc.
3 Aonla & banana are new introductions grown along the river Gangs, now expanding to other areas also. The market support is good where grown in pockets.
4 Muskmelon & watermelon are grown in riverbeds. Sugarcane grown for juice purpose, raising buffalo heifers for sale and gur making in Dhata are special components of the existing farming systems.
5 District lacks the high value agro-forestry plantations and the existing plantations like Mahua, do not have technical & developmental support, which is must.

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography):

District Fatehpur lies in Central Plane Zone “V” of U.P.( Agro-climatic Zone). It lies between the parallel of 35- 260' and 26- 160' north latitude & between 80-140' and 81-200' east longitude spreading about 104 km from west to east longitude and about 40 km from south to north.

The district is characterized by semi-humid as per standard climatic classification. Average rainfall of the district is 904 mm. Maximum temperature 42OC to 43OC & minimum average temperature goes up to 6Oc.Relative humidity of the district is 66. The climate of the district could be described as semi arid. The Agro ecological situations of the district can be studied in the following way

S.N. Agro-Ecological Situation Characteristics % Area Covered
1 AES-I (Yamuna Upland) Developed from Yamuna alluvium partially mature Loamy sands to gravelly reddish brown to brownish reddish low soluble salts, neutral to alkaline with excessive drainage. 10.14
2 AES-II (Ganga Upland) Developed from Ganga alluvium mature, sandy loan, yellowish brown to reddish brown, loam, slightly acidic to neutral. 10.14
3 AES-III (Ganga Yamuna Flats) Development from Ganga alluvium, nature, loam to clay loam, light yellowish average to very high soluble salts, Alkaline with adequate drainage. 19.16
4 AES-IV (Usar) Usar soils spread over on 12,624 ha in the district soil with sodicity. 3.29

Major Soil Type(s) of District Fatehpur:

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Crop Association Area in ha
1 Ganga Alluvium
a). Recent Alluvium (Fatehpur Type-1)
Developed from Ganga alluvium, mature, loam, greyish brown to brow, iron nodules and calcareous cherries, loose, moderate high soluble salts, moderately alkaline and fairly drained. Respond to fertilizers. Jowar, bajra, Arhar, barley, Mustard, Gram etc Occurs on the banks of Ganga covering an area of 41,508 ha.
b). Ganga Flats (Fatehpur type 2A Fatehpur type 2B). Developed from Ganga alluvium mature, loam to clay loam, light brown to grayish brown, brown ferruginous mottling, hard below, average very high soluble salts, alkaline with adequate drainage slightly responds to fertilizer application. Almost all the important crops. This type of soils are spreaded over an area of 191588 ha. of the district.
(c).Ganga uplands (FatehpurType-3) Developed from Ganga alluvium, mature, sandy loam, yellowish brown to reddish brown, Iron nodules below, loose, low soluble salts, slightly acidic to neutral, having excessive drainage, soils responsive to fertilizer treatment. All important crops except Paddy. Intensity of this type is limited to only 60420 ha.
d).Ganga low lands (Fatehpur Type-4) Developed from Ganga alluvium, mature clay loam to clayey, grey brown, ferruginous mottling, hard and compact, low soluble salts slightly acidic to neutral imperfect drainage. Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Gram and Sugarcane. Spreaded in Bindki, Fatehpur, Khajuha block& Ghazipur. Total area is 42964 ha.
2 Yamuna Alluvium Khadar Uplands (Fatehpur type-5) (Rakar) Developed from Yamuna alluvium, partially mature, loamy sand to gravelly, reddish brown to concretions, loose, low soluble salts, neutral to alkaline with excessive drainage. Jowar, Gram, mustard and Castor. Occupy an area of about 42,652 ha.
3 a).Yamuna flats (Fatehpur type 6A)(Parwa) Developed from Yamuna alluvium, mature sandy loam, dark grayish brown, ferruginous concretion, loose, low soluble salts, neutral to slightly alkaline with excessive drainage. Castor, Wheat and Gram. Occupy an area of about 40932 ha
b).Yamuna low lands. Fatehpur type 6B)(Kabar) Developed from Yamuna alluvium, partially mature clay loam, light brownish gray to black, few kanker nodules, average soluble salts, moderately alkaline with imperfect drainage. Castor, Gram, Wheat, and Rice. Occupy an area of about 30134 ha

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district-Fatehpur

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (q) Productivity (q /ha)
1 Paddy 80582 38425 17.93
2 Jowar 11459 16139 14.08
3 Urd 10111 4813 4.76
4 Moong 1035 540 5.22
5 Arhar 23069 26489 11.48
6 Wheat 148080 2880156 19.45

Weather data of Fatehpur (2014-15)

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature C Relative Humidity (%)
April 2014 Maximum : 41
Minimum : 16
56.0
May 2014 Maximum : 42
Minimum : 19
55.0
June 2014 23.60 Maximum : 44
Minimum : 26
68.0
July 2014 100.70 Maximum : 41
Minimum : 23
68.0
August 2014 39.83 Maximum : 37
Minimum : 25
93.0
September 2014 58.39 Maximum : 37
Minimum : 24
84.0
October 2014 33.40 Maximum : 35
Minimum : 17
81.0
November 2014 Maximum : 31
Minimum : 9
60.0
December 2014 21.36 Maximum : 29
Minimum : 5
58.0
January 2015 16.76 Maximum : 22
Minimum : 4
78.0
February 2015 11.63 Maximum : 32
Minimum : 9
74.0
February 2015 44.56 Maximum : 32
Minimum : 11
68.0
Total 350.23 Maximum : 340
Minimum : 153
754

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc.

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred 6594 5-6 lt. / day 1500 - 1600 lt/lact.
Indigenous 325279 2-2.5 lt./day 450 – 500 lt/lact.
Buffalo 370961 4 – 5 lt./day 1300 – 1450 lt/lact.
Sheep
Crossbred 300
Indigenous 113493
Goats 313087 0.5 – 1.0 lt/day 135 – 150 lt./lact
Pigs
Crossbred 4381
Indigenous 73808
Rabbits 1222
Poultry
Hens
Desi 53275 75 – 85 eggs
Improved 12051 150 – 180 eggs
Ducks 6390
Turkey and others 016
Fish

Details of Operational area / Villages

S.N. Taluk Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Areas
1 Sadar Haswa Musaipur Paddy, Wheat, Moong Seed replacement of Old varieties is low, Sodic soils facilities Sodic land reclamation & varietals assessment
2 Bindki Malwan Korsam Paddy, Wheat & Arhar Poor marginal farmers IPNM & Varietals assessment
3 Sadar Hanswa Sarki Seed production of Gram & Wheat Limited irrigation facilities Weed management seed production village
4 Sadar Hanswa Jai Singhpur Wheat, Pea, Onion, Garlic Imbalanced use of nutrients INM & organic farming
5 Khaga Airayan Hasanpur Paddy, Wheat, Live Stock Seed replacement of Old varieties is low, limited irrigation facilities Organic Farming, Kitchen Garden, Flori culture
6 Khaga Airayan Katoghan Garlic, Paddy & Wheat Sodic land imbalanced use of nutrients Sodic land reclamation & varietals assessment
7 Khaga Airayan Sujanipur Garlic, Paddy, Wheat & Live stock Imbalanced use of nutrients Organic floriculture, goatery & varietals assessment
8 Bindki Malwan Kunwara-pur Paddy, Wheat, Bajra & Arhar Rainfed as well as water logged area Organic village
9 Khaga Vijaipur Peri Paddy, Wheat, garlic, onion Imbalanced use of fertilizers INM & organic farming
10 Khaga Hathgaon PattiShah Wheat, Garlic, Banana Old varieties New HYV varieties
11 Sadar Hanswa Satonjoga Mustard , wheat, & gram Unavailability of seed Seed production of wheat
12 Bindki Malwan Mauhar Paddy Wheat & Pulses Poor marginal farmers IPNM & Varietal assessment
13 Sadar Haswa Bhatpurwa Paddy, Wheat & Livestock Old varieties, low seed replacement, lack of fodder seeds Varietal assessment of fodder
14 Sadar Teliyani Bastapur Paddy & vegetables Lack of quality seeds New variety & paddy SRI
15 Khaga Asothar Kandhia Mustard , wheat, & gram Unavailability of seed Seed production of gram

Priority thrust areas

S.N. Thrust area
1 Popularization of Integrated pest (IPM) and nutrient management(IPNM) in field crops
2 Popularization of Integrated weeds (IWM) and Integrated Disease management (IDM) in crops.
3 Introduction of improved cultivars and production technologies of pulses and oilseeds.
4 Diversification through introducing vegetable, mushroom, bee keeping, fruits, medicinal plants, dairy, poultry etc. for nutritional security.
5 Production enhancement and conservation of green fodder for livestock
6 Empowerment of rural women and rural youths through SHGs and vocational trainings.
7 Enhancement in income of rural women through income generating activities like fruit preservation, value addition, rural craft etc.
8 Popularization of organic farming amongst the farmers through inclusion of Green Manuring, Vermi compost, Nadep, Bio-fertilizers, Biopesticides, etc. in
9 Enhancing seed replacement rate and seed production at farmers’ fields.
10 Establishment of Aonla and Ber orchards in sodic lands and inter-cropping of turmeric in orchards.
11 Promotion of income generating activities for self employment of rural youths.
12 Popularization of Banana cultivation and Kharif Onion for higher net profit.
13 Testing and refinement of ITKs suitable for district.
14 Popularization of balanced fertilizer application on soil test basis.
15 Local breed up gradation through A.I. in cattle and buffaloes.

Total Land with KVK (in ha)

S.N. Name of Activity Area (ha)
1 Area under office buildings, office godown and Staff quarters 1.30
2 Area under Farm Godown, threshing floor and implement shed 0.30
3 Area under animal unit buildings, cattle sheds, chaff cutter and manure pits 0.40
4 Area under Farmers’ hostel and Green park /play ground for RAWE students 0.30
5 Under Demo. Units (Fish pond, Organic manure park and Kitchen garden) 0.30
6 Area under Crop cafeteria 0.40
7 Area left for Farmers’ fair 0.30
8 Area under Horticulture unit 0.40
9 Area under Orchard/Agro-forestry 2.20
10 Area under Crops 8.40
Total 14.30